Hail Stones and Roof Damage

While hail can accompany storms anytime throughout the year, hail stones are most prevalent during the summer season in the Midwest. The majority of thunderstorms rumble through the Midwest now through August. Often times you'll just seen rain, thunder and lightning, but other times this severe weather will be accompanied by hail and tornadoes. Keep reading to learn more about hail, how it forms and the damage it could do to your roof.

What are Hail Stones?


Hail stones form when tiny particles are swept up high into a storm system by an updraft. Water vapor condenses on the particles and then when it gets to a certain height, it freezes. These small hailstones can be lifted into the storm system multiple times, therefore increasing in size before finally falling out. Hail stones can fall for one of two reasons; either a downdraft sends them falling to the ground or the hail becomes too large for the updraft to overcome the force of gravity. Hail stones can be any size from tiny pebbles or dime-sized to golf ball- or even baseball-sized.

Hail Storms in Missouri


On average, Missouri can expect 2-3 hail storms a year. Most of the time that hail will be pea-sized and not cause much damage. However, on occasion, that hail can be larger and cause major damage to vehicles and roofs. Each year, hail causes nearly $1 billion in damages across the country, mostly to property and agriculture. When hail and wind combine, they can be quite destructive. Hail stones that are larger than 1 1/4" in diameter can easily damage heavy composite shingles or wood shake shingles.

Roof Damage from Hail


The extent of hail damage to your roof depends on several factors from wind speeds to the size and density of the hail stones. The roofing material of your home also plays a factor in the type of damage sustained. Hail damage to asphalt shingles can look much different than that of wood shake shingles, metal roofs or tile roofs. Hail damage to your asphalt roof can be random damage with no discernible pattern. In addition, you might see small spots that are black in color, loss of granules and/or asphalt that appears shiny. Watch for granules in your gutters and downspouts. Loss of granules can lead to accelerated aging of your roof and makes your roof more vulnerable to the elements and future storms. Dented metal flashing is also a sign that your roof may have been impacted by hail.

If you suspect hail damage, or any other type of storm damage, to your roof, give Above & Beyond Roofing a call at 573-302-0354. We offer free roof inspections at the Lake of the Ozarks, and can also provide you with a free cost estimate of what's needed to repair any damage your roof may have sustained. We're here for all your roofing needs from inspections and repairs to re-roofs and new construction!

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