Roofing Terms to Be Familiar With

You may not realize it, but there are a lot of parts that go into the construction of a roof. While you probably don't need to be a master at knowing every term about roofing, it's a good idea to have a general idea to be familiar with your roof. If you know the general roofing terms, when it comes time to replace your roof at the Lake of the Ozarks, having a general idea of what your roofing contractor at the Lake of the Ozarks is saying can help make decisions about your new roof easier. Read on to get a few general roofing terms explained!



1. Cornice - The portion of the roof projecting out from the side walls of the house is called the cornice.

2. Dormer - A dormer is a small structure projecting from a sloped roof, usually with a window.

3. Drip Edge - A drip edge is an L-shaped strip (usually metal) that is installed along roof edges to allow the water runoff to drop clear of the deck, eaves, and siding.

4. Eave - The horizontal lower edge of a sloped roof is called the eave.

5. Fascia - Fascia is a wooden board or other flat pieces of material such as that covering the ends of rafters.

6. Flashing - Flashing is the name for pieces of metal used to prevent the seepage of water around any intersection or projection in a roof system, such as vent pipes, chimneys, valleys and joints at vertical walls.

7. Louvers - Louvers are slatted devices installed in a gable or soffit (the underside of eaves) to ventilate the space below a roof deck and equalize air temperature and moisture.

8. Penetrations - Vents, pipes, stacks, chimneys and anything else that penetrates a roof deck is referred to as a penetration.

9. Rafters - The supporting framing to which a roof deck is attached is called the rafters.

10. Rake - The rake refers to the inclined edge of a roof over a wall.

11. Ridge - The top edge of two intersecting sloping roof surfaces is known as a ridge.

12. Sheathing - Also known as the roof deck, sheathing is the surface to which roofing materials are applied. Its typically made of plywood or oriented strand board (OSB) which are fastened to the rafters.

13. Slope - The number of inches of vertical rise in a roof per 12-inches of horizontal distance. Also referred to as pitch.



14. Square - The common measurement for roof area is square (not to be confused with square footage). One square is equal to 100 square feet or 10 by 10 feet.

15. Truss - A truss is an engineered component that supplements rafters in many newer homes and buildings. Trusses are designed for specific applications and cannot be cut or altered.

16. Underlayment - Also referred to as felt, the underlayment is a sheet of asphalt-saturated material (often called tar paper) used as a secondary layer of protection for the roof deck.

17. Valley - The angle formed at the intersection of two sloping roofing surfaces is known as a valley.

If you didn't know much about your roof, we hope that you found this list helpful! If you have any questions about your Lake of the Ozarks roof, feel free to give Above & Beyond Roofing a call! We offer free roof inspections at the Lake of the Ozarks and we are here for all of your roofing needs including roof repairs, roof replacements, and new construction! Give the #1 roofing company at the Lake of the Ozarks a call for all of your roofing needs!


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